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Panda informationen

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Juni Porträt des Großen Pandas im Artenlexikon des WWF mit Informationen zu Lebensraum, Verbreitung, Biologie und Bedrohung der Art. Sein eigentlicher Name ist Großer Panda. Er wird aber auch Riesenpanda oder Bambusbär genannt. Der Pandabär gehört zu der Familie der Bären und ist ein. Der Große Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), auch Riesenpanda oder Pandabär, ist eine .. Pandaworld - Die Welt der Pandas - Pandaworld-Map, Videos Informationen und Nachrichten zum Großen Panda · Ailuropoda melanoleuca in der. Southern spotted skunk S. Summer Institute of Linguistics of the University of Oklahoma. Ruth Harkness Part 1 ". The Brahmaputra River is often panda informationen the natural division between the two subspecies, where it makes a curve around the eastern end of sloty casino bonus ohne einzahlung Himalayas, although some authors suggest A. Retrieved 8 December Retrieved 12 January Even with this exalted status, giant pandas are endangered: The New York Times. An anthropomorphic red panda, Retsuko, is the main cool cat online casino instant play of uli ferber spielerberater TV anime and Netflix original series Sidney sam gehalt. The species is generally quiet except for some twitteringtweeting, and whistling communication sounds. For many years, scientists had wondered whether pandas were a type of bear, laptop zocken or something else.

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Although scientists do not know why these unusual bears are black and white, speculation suggests that the bold coloring provides effective camouflage in their shade-dappled snowy and rocky habitat.

It has evolved from previous ancestors to exhibit larger molars with increased complexity and expanded temporal fossa. The longest belongs to the sloth bear.

The giant panda typically lives around 20 years in the wild and up to 30 years in captivity. A seven-year-old female named Jin Yi died in in a zoo in Zhengzhou , China, after showing symptoms of gastroenteritis and respiratory disease.

It was found that the cause of death was toxoplasmosis , a disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii and infecting most warm-blooded animals, including humans.

The giant panda genome was sequenced in using Illumina dye sequencing. Its ability to digest cellulose is ascribed to the microbes in its gut.

Ingestion of such a large quantity of material is possible because of the rapid passage of large amounts of indigestible plant material through the short, straight digestive tract.

Given this voluminous diet, the giant panda defecates up to 40 times a day. The giant panda tends to limit its social interactions and avoids steeply sloping terrain to limit its energy expenditures.

Anthropologist Russell Ciochon observed: This lower metabolic rate and a more sedentary lifestyle allows the giant panda to subsist on nutrient poor resources such as bamboo.

The morphological characteristics of extinct relatives of the giant panda suggest that while the ancient giant panda was omnivorous 7 million years ago mya , it only became herbivorous some Pandas eat any of 25 bamboo species in the wild, such as Fargesia dracocephala [62] and Fargesia rufa.

Bamboo leaves contain the highest protein levels; stems have less. Because of the synchronous flowering, death, and regeneration of all bamboo within a species, the giant panda must have at least two different species available in its range to avoid starvation.

While primarily herbivorous, the giant panda still retains decidedly ursine teeth and will eat meat, fish, and eggs when available.

Pandas will travel between different habitats if they need to, so they can get the nutrients that they need and to balance their diet for reproduction.

They took note of their foraging and mating habits and analyzed samples of their food and feces. The pandas would move from the valleys into the Qinling Mountains and would only return to the valleys in autumn.

During the summer months bamboo shoots rich in protein are only available at higher altitudes which causes low calcium rates in the pandas and during breeding season the pandas would trek back down to eat bamboo leaves rich in calcium.

Although adult giant pandas have few natural predators other than humans, young cubs are vulnerable to attacks by snow leopards , yellow-throated martens , [67] eagles, feral dogs, and the Asian black bear.

The giant panda is a terrestrial animal and primarily spends its life roaming and feeding in the bamboo forests of the Qinling Mountains and in the hilly province of Sichuan.

Social encounters occur primarily during the brief breeding season in which pandas in proximity to one another will gather.

Pandas were thought to fall into the crepuscular category, those who are active twice a day, at dawn and dusk; however, Jindong Zhang found that pandas may belong to a category all of their own, with activity peaks in the morning, afternoon and midnight.

Due to their sheer size, pandas do not need to fear predators like other herbivores. They can therefore be active at any time of the day.

Pandas communicate through vocalization and scent marking such as clawing trees or spraying urine. For this reason, pandas do not hibernate , which is similar to other subtropical mammals, and will instead move to elevations with warmer temperatures.

Though the panda is often assumed to be docile, it has been known to attack humans, presumably out of irritation rather than aggression.

Initially, the primary method of breeding giant pandas in captivity was by artificial insemination , as they seemed to lose their interest in mating once they were captured.

The normal reproductive rate is considered to be one young every two years. Giant pandas reach sexual maturity between the ages of four and eight, and may be reproductive until age Copulation time is short, ranging from 30 seconds to five minutes, but the male may mount her repeatedly to ensure successful fertilization.

The gestation period ranges from 95 to days. Giant pandas give birth to twins in about half of pregnancies. The mother will select the stronger of the cubs, and the weaker cub will die due to starvation.

The mother is thought to be unable to produce enough milk for two cubs since she does not store fat.

For three to four hours, the mother may leave the den to feed, which leaves the cub defenseless. Its fur is very soft and coarsens with age.

The cub begins to crawl at 75 to 80 days; [17] mothers play with their cubs by rolling and wrestling with them.

The interval between births in the wild is generally two years. In July , Chinese scientists confirmed the birth of the first cub to be successfully conceived through artificial insemination using frozen sperm.

Attempts have also been made to reproduce giant pandas by interspecific pregnancy by implanting cloned panda embryos into the uterus of an animal of another species.

This has resulted in panda fetuses, but no live births. In the past, pandas were thought to be rare and noble creatures — the Empress Dowager Bo was buried with a panda skull in her vault.

The grandson of Emperor Taizong of Tang is said to have given Japan two pandas and a sheet of panda skin as a sign of goodwill.

Unlike many other animals in Ancient China , pandas were rarely thought to have medical uses. Zouyu is a legendary "righteous" animal, which, similarly to a qilin , only appears during the rule of a benevolent and sincere monarch.

It is said to be fierce as a tiger , but gentle and strictly vegetarian, and described in some books as a white tiger with black spots.

Puzzled about the real zoological identity of the creature captured during the Yongle era, J. Duyvendak exclaims, "Can it possibly have been a Pandah?

The West first learned of the giant panda on 11 March , when the French missionary Armand David [17] received a skin from a hunter.

The first Westerner known to have seen a living giant panda is the German zoologist Hugo Weigold , who purchased a cub in Kermit and Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.

In , Ruth Harkness became the first Westerner to bring back a live giant panda, a cub named Su Lin [] which went to live at the Brookfield Zoo in Chicago.

In , five giant pandas were sent to London. This practice has been termed "panda diplomacy". By , however, pandas were no longer given as gifts.

Since , because of a WWF lawsuit , the United States Fish and Wildlife Service only allows a US zoo to import a panda if the zoo can ensure the PRC will channel more than half of its loan fee into conservation efforts for the giant panda and its habitat.

The issue became embroiled in cross-Strait relations — both over the underlying symbolism, and over technical issues such as whether the transfer would be considered "domestic" or "international", or whether any true conservation purpose would be served by the exchange.

However, when Ma Ying-jeou assumed the presidency in , the offer was accepted, and the pandas arrived in December of that year. Microbes in panda waste are being investigated for their use in creating biofuels from bamboo and other plant materials.

The giant panda is a vulnerable species , threatened by continued habitat loss and habitat fragmentation , [] and by a very low birthrate, both in the wild and in captivity.

The giant panda has been a target of poaching by locals since ancient times and by foreigners since it was introduced to the West.

Starting in the s, foreigners were unable to poach giant pandas in China because of the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War , but pandas remained a source of soft furs for the locals.

During the Cultural Revolution , all studies and conservation activities on the pandas were stopped. After the Chinese economic reform , demand for panda skins from Hong Kong and Japan led to illegal poaching for the black market , acts generally ignored by the local officials at the time.

Though the Wolong National Nature Reserve was set up by the PRC government in to save the declining panda population, few advances in the conservation of pandas were made, owing to inexperience and insufficient knowledge of ecology.

Many believed the best way to save the pandas was to cage them. As a result, pandas were caged at any sign of decline and suffered from terrible conditions.

Because of pollution and destruction of their natural habitat, along with segregation caused by caging, reproduction of wild pandas was severely limited.

In the s, however, several laws including gun control and the removal of resident humans from the reserves helped their chances of survival.

With these renewed efforts and improved conservation methods, wild pandas have started to increase in numbers in some areas, though they still are classified as a rare species.

In , scientists reported that the number of pandas living in the wild may have been underestimated at about 1, Previous population surveys had used conventional methods to estimate the size of the wild panda population, but using a new method that analyzes DNA from panda droppings , scientists believe the wild population may be as large as 3, Furthermore, in response to this reclassification, the State Forestry Administration of China announced that they would not accordingly lower the conservation level for panda, and would instead reinforce the conservation efforts.

The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries , located in the southwest province of Sichuan and covering seven natural reserves, were inscribed onto the World Heritage List in Not all conservationists agree that the money spent on conserving pandas is well spent.

Chris Packham has argued that the breeding of pandas in captivity is "pointless" because "there is not enough habitat left to sustain them".

In , Earthwatch Institute , a global nonprofit that teams volunteers with scientists to conduct important environmental research, launched a program called "On the Trail of Giant Panda".

This program, based in the Wolong National Nature Reserve, allows volunteers to work up close with pandas cared for in captivity, and help them adapt to life in the wild, so that they may breed, and live longer and healthier lives.

Chi Chi at the London Zoo became very popular. This influenced the World Wildlife Fund to use a panda as its symbol. A New York Times article [] outlined the economics of keeping pandas, which costs five times more than that of the next most expensive animal, an elephant.

Skeptical cryptozoologist Joe Nickell , notes that since Giant Pandas were known to local people, they qualify as cryptids. Also, fossil evidence shows that pandas were once widespread, including the two million year old skull of Ailuropoda microta.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Panda disambiguation , Panda Bear musician , and Giant panda disambiguation.

David , [2]. Giant pandas around the world and List of giant pandas. Retrieved 5 September Animals of the rain forest illustrated ed.

University of California Press. Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 7 November Archived from the original on 4 July Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 2 January Retrieved 14 February Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 4 May Animal Kingdom, Volumes 90— Archived from the original on The Atlas of Endangered Animals: Wildlife Under Threat Around the World.

Retrieved 17 December Giant Panda Species Survival Plan. Archived from the original on 4 December Retrieved 26 October Archived from the original PDF on 24 September Retrieved 5 February Archived copy as title link But one reason they eat so much is that bamboo is low in nutrients, according to the San Diego Zoo.

Giant pandas also eat rodents, fish, insects and birds. Eating both vegetation and meat makes these pandas omnivores.

The walls of the stomach are extra-muscular to digest the wood of the bamboo. The stomach is also covered inside with mucus that prevents it from being punctured by splinters.

Giant pandas are loners. They dislike being around other pandas so much that they have a heightened sense of smell that lets them know when another panda is nearby so it can be avoided, according to the National Geographic.

If another giant panda does get close, the two will end up swatting and growling at each other. Sometimes they will even bite each other.

To mark their territory, giant pandas secrete a waxy scent marker that they rub on their territory. Other giant pandas can tell the sex, age, reproductive condition, social status and more from the scent marker, according to the San Diego Zoo.

The only time that these pandas seek each other out is during mating season. Males will use their smelling ability to find a female when they are ready to mate.

Giant pandas mate in the spring. After mating, the female will be pregnant for to days. Then, she will give birth to one or two cubs.

At 18 months, the cub is weaned and sent to live on its own. By the time the females are four to five years old and the males are six to seven years old, the cubs are fully mature.

Baby Panda Pics ]. Giant pandas are indeed bears. For many years, scientists had wondered whether pandas were a type of bear, raccoon or something else.

This is an improvement. In the s, giant pandas were listed as rare by the IUCN.

But one reason they eat so much is that bamboo is low in nutrients, according to the San Diego Zoo. Giant pandas also eat rodents, fish, insects and birds.

Eating both vegetation and meat makes these pandas omnivores. The walls of the stomach are extra-muscular to digest the wood of the bamboo.

The stomach is also covered inside with mucus that prevents it from being punctured by splinters. Giant pandas are loners.

They dislike being around other pandas so much that they have a heightened sense of smell that lets them know when another panda is nearby so it can be avoided, according to the National Geographic.

If another giant panda does get close, the two will end up swatting and growling at each other. Sometimes they will even bite each other.

To mark their territory, giant pandas secrete a waxy scent marker that they rub on their territory. Other giant pandas can tell the sex, age, reproductive condition, social status and more from the scent marker, according to the San Diego Zoo.

The only time that these pandas seek each other out is during mating season. Males will use their smelling ability to find a female when they are ready to mate.

Giant pandas mate in the spring. After mating, the female will be pregnant for to days. Then, she will give birth to one or two cubs.

At 18 months, the cub is weaned and sent to live on its own. By the time the females are four to five years old and the males are six to seven years old, the cubs are fully mature.

Baby Panda Pics ]. Giant pandas are indeed bears. For many years, scientists had wondered whether pandas were a type of bear, raccoon or something else.

This is an improvement. In the s, giant pandas were listed as rare by the IUCN. The specific epithet is the Latin adjective fulgens "shining". At various times, it has been placed in the Procyonidae, Ursidae , with Ailuropoda giant panda in the Ailuropodinae until this family was moved into the Ursidae , and into its own family, the Ailuridae.

This uncertainty comes from difficulty in determining whether certain characteristics of Ailurus are phylogenetically conservative or are derived and convergent with species of similar ecological habits.

Evidence based on the fossil record , serology , karyology , behavior , anatomy , and reproduction reflect closer affinities with Procyonidae than Ursidae.

However, ecological and foraging specializations and distinct geographical distribution in relation to modern procyonids support classification in the separate family Ailuridae.

Recent molecular systematic DNA research also places the red panda into its own family, Ailuridae, a part of the broad superfamily Musteloidea that also includes the skunk , raccoon , and weasel families.

It is not a bear, nor closely related to the giant panda, nor a raccoon, nor a lineage of uncertain affinities. The two subspecies are A.

However, the name Ailurus fulgens refulgens is sometimes incorrectly used for A. The red panda is considered a living fossil and only distantly related to the giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca , as it is naturally more closely related to the other members of the superfamily Musteloidea to which it belongs.

The common ancestor of both pandas which also was an ancestor for all living bears; pinnipeds like seals and walruses; and members of the family Musteloidea like weasels and otters can be traced back to the Paleogene period tens of millions of years ago, with a wide distribution across Eurasia.

Fossils of the extinct red panda Parailurus anglicus have been unearthed from China in the east to Britain in the west.

This first North American record is almost identical to European specimens and indicates the immigration of this species from Asia. The tooth dates from 4.

This species, described as Pristinailurus bristoli , indicates that a second, more primitive ailurine lineage inhabited North America during the Miocene.

Cladistic analysis suggests that Parailurus and Ailurus are sister taxa. The discovery in Spain of the postcranial remains of Simocyon batalleri , a Miocene relative to the red panda, supports a sister-group relationship between red pandas and bears.

The first known written record of the red panda occurs in a 13th-century Chinese scroll depicting a hunting scene between hunters and the red panda.

Hardwicke proposed the name "wha" and explained: It is also called Chitwa. Later publications claim the name was adopted from a Himalayan language.

In , Hodgson described a red panda under the name Ailurus ochraceus , of which Pocock concluded it represents the same type as Ailurus fulgens , since the description of the two agree very closely.

He subordinated both types to the Himalayan red panda subspecies Ailurus fulgens fulgens. The Lepcha call it sak nam. In Nepal, it is called bhalu biralo bear-cat and habre.

The Sherpa people of Nepal and Sikkim call it ye niglva ponva and wah donka. In English, the red panda is also called "lesser panda" since it is smaller than the giant panda , [72] though "red panda" is more commonly used nowadays.

As it was known in the West decades before the giant panda, initially it was the red panda that was simply called "panda".

Other English names used in the past include fire fox , fire cat , red cat , fox bear , bright panda , and Himalayan raccoon.

For instance, червена панда in Bulgarian, panda roux in French, panda rojo in Spanish, and Roter Panda in German all mean "red panda".

The red panda was recognized as the state animal of Sikkim in the early s, [78] and was the mascot of the Darjeeling Tea Festival. In , Babu, a male red panda at Birmingham Nature Centre in Birmingham, England, escaped [79] and briefly became a media celebrity, [79] [80] before being recaptured.

He was subsequently voted " Brummie of the Year", the first animal to receive this honor. The name of the open-source Firefox web browser is said to have been derived from a nickname of the red panda: An anthropomorphic red panda, Retsuko, is the main character of the TV anime and Netflix original series Aggretsuko.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Red panda A red panda at the Cincinnati Zoo Conservation status. Retrieved 29 October Annals and Magazine of Natural History.

Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed. Johns Hopkins University Press. Biology and Conservation of the First Panda.

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Retrieved 23 September Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Archived from the original PDF on 28 July Molecular Biology and Evolution.

The Mammals of China and Mongolia. American Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on Rochester Institute of Technology.

Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 8 May Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 26 September Retrieved 8 December Retrieved 2 September Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 13 September Wildlife Institute of India.

Archived PDF from the original on Congruence vs incompatibility among multiple data sets". A guide to the Mammals of China.

Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Volume 1: Traces of Red Panda Found in Tennessee". Linnean Society of London.

Summer Institute of Linguistics of the University of Oklahoma. A reconnaissance study report. Retrieved 10 December On the Track of Unknown Animals.

After the giant panda was named, the original panda needed an identifying adjective. Several were used including "shining panda" as Cuvier had originally labeled it, "true panda," "common panda" — because it was more abundant than the giant, — or "lesser panda" to mark its smaller size.

New York Zoological Society. Among those already in use were true panda, shining panda, common panda, red panda, and lesser panda, but there has been little agreement about a single choice.

Retrieved 15 November Retrieved 12 January Retrieved 25 June Archived from the original on 28 February Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 20 August The New York Times.

Retrieved 8 November Retrieved on December 25, Retrieved 28 January African palm civet N. Angolan slender mongoose G. Ethiopian dwarf mongoose H.

Small-toothed palm civet A. Sulawesi palm civet M. Masked palm civet P. Golden wet-zone palm civet P. Banded palm civet H.

Central African oyan P. Malabar large-spotted civet V. Small Indian civet V. Broad-striped Malagasy mongoose G. American black bear U.

Sunda stink badger M. Southern spotted skunk S. Eastern lowland olingo B. Western mountain coati N. South American fur seal A. Northern fur seal C. Steller sea lion E.

Australian sea lion N. South American sea lion O. New Zealand sea lion P. California sea lion Z. Northern elephant seal M. Mediterranean monk seal M.

Family Canidae includes dogs. African wild dog L. African clawless otter A. North American river otter L.

Einzelgänger Vom Aussterben bedroht: Zwar werden die Bären aufgrund hoher Strafen kaum noch direkt gejagt, aber sie verletzen sich oder verenden noch immer in Schlingfallen für andere Tiere wie Hirsche und Nager. Er ist das ganze Jahr über aktiv und hält keine Winterruhe. Ein weiterer Grund ist online casino; onlinecasino; online gambling; onlinegambling langsame Fortpflanzungsrate, auch gelingen Nachzuchten in menschlicher Obhut nur selten. Zhen Zhen weiblich [74]. Trotz ihres behäbigen Auftretens paysafe card werte Pandas dank ihrer Krallen gute Kletterer. Su Lin weiblich [60]. Was steht auf dem Speiseplan? Gao Gao männlich [44]. Hin und wieder how to use codes on doubledown casino Früchte, Insekten und kleine Säugetiere auf maestro online casinos Speiseplan. In Gefangenschaft glückt eine erfolgreiche Schwangerschaft nur sehr selten, denn Pandas sind Einzelgänger und im Jahr nur einmal ca. Fan werden auf Facebook. Xiao Liwu männlich [69]. Bvb wolfsburg Ling weiblich und Hsing Hsing männlich [53]. Fotolia, Panther Media Video: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Wikispecies has information related to Ailuropoda melanoleuca. Its fur is very soft and coarsens with age. She has multiple health, safety and lifesaving certifications from Oklahoma State University. The giant panda is a terrestrial animal and primarily spends its life roaming and feeding in the bamboo forests of the Qinling Mountains and in the bestes online casino poker province of Sichuan. Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original PDF on 24 September The stomach is also covered inside with mucus that prevents it from being punctured by splinters. Banded palm civet H. About 888 casino spiele in zoos around the world. In captivity, they were observed to eat birds, flowers, maple and casino royale waren leaves, and webcam tübingen casino and fruits of maple, beechuk casino slot wins mulberry. Archived from the original on 24 September Für die Wiederauswilderung dieser Tiere fehlen allerdings bisher Gebiete, die als Pandahabitat gut geeignet sind, gleichzeitig aber bisher wenige Pandas beherbergen. Die Beine sind schwarz und die schwarze Färbung der Arme zieht sich wie ein Gürtel über die Schultern und den Vorderkörper. Xiao Liwu männlich [69]. Was steht auf dem Speiseplan? Mit rund einem Monat haben Jungtiere die typische Fellzeichnung, mit 40 bis 60 Tagen öffnen sie die Augen, und mit fünf bis sechs Monaten nehmen sie erstmals feste Nahrung zu sich. Lun Lun weiblich [54]. Nach welchen Kriterien das geschieht, ist noch unerforscht. Diskutiert werden die Abschreckung von Feinden, die bessere Thermoregulation oder die Tarnung. Wir freuen uns über einen Kommentar, wie dir dieser Artikel gefällt und wie deine Präsentation in der Schule angekommen ist. Die Kleinen bleiben so lange bei der Mutter, bis diese wieder trächtig ist. Sie sind dabei sowohl tagsüber als auch nachts aktiv.

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OSMANLISPOR FK Diese Kernzonen überlappen sich nicht zwischen Weibchen. Durch diese künstlichen Trennungen wird der Austausch zwischen den Populationen und damit auch von Erbgut erschwert. Schon martina hill tour Zähne der Vorfahren des Pandas von vor sieben bis acht Millionen Jahren weisen auf eine Spezialisierung auf Pflanzennahrung hin. Denn auf diese Weise sind ihre Vorderpfoten frei, um Nahrung casino spray greifen. Seit stehen die Tiere unter Schutz, der Bestand erholt sich trotzdem nur schwer. Das fangen oder töten von Pandas steht in China unter Strafe. Mei Lan männlich [55].
Nhl spiele Aus diesem Grund müssen Pandas 1 2 bis 40 kg Bambus online casino android malaysia Tag fressen. Männchen kennzeichnen die Wege, die sie gehen mit Urin. Fu Ban männlich und Fu Feng weiblich [41]. Wir haben Ihnen soeben bundesliga leipzig heute E-Mail gesendet. Manchmal frisst er auch Gräser, Knollen und gelegentlich sogar Insekten. Bao Bao männlich [37]. Der Pandabär lebt ungefähr 18— 20 Jahre.
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Ja Weitere Steckbriefe von Tieren findest du im Tierlexikon. Dies betrifft vor allem die kleinsten und am stärksten zerstörten Lebensräume. Diese Wege nennt man auch Wechsel. Die Beine sind schwarz und die schwarze Färbung der Arme zieht sich wie ein Gürtel über die Schultern und den Vorderkörper. Mei Xiang weiblich [57].

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